Hey everyone, Prity here with a new topic. Wishing you all “Happy Independence Day”!
Whenever I think about “Independence Day”, I am filled with the energy of doing something productive. So this is the best occasion to talk about issues we are facing at an international level. There are a number of social problems which are duly highlighted with the sufficient awareness promoted in the society. However, certain severe problems occurring at a personal level are blindly ignored.
One of such problems wide of the point in this highly literate yet ignorant era is UTI- Urinary Tract Infection. “ A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract ( Kidneys, ureters, bladder and the urethra).”
When it affects the lower urinary tract is known as bladder infection(cystitis) and when it affects the lower urinary tract it is known as kidney infection ( pyelonephritis).
Urinary tract infections are the most frequent bacterial infection in women. They occur most frequently between the ages of 16 and 35 years, with 10% of women getting an infection yearly and more than 40–60% having an infection at some point in their lives. Recurrences are common, with nearly half of people getting a second infection within a year. Urinary tract infections occur four times more frequently in females than males.
Symptoms- The most common symptoms are burning with urination and having to urinate frequently (or an urge to urinate) in the absence of vaginal discharge and significant pain. These symptoms may vary from mild to severe and in healthy women last an average of six days. Some pain above the pubic bone or in the lower back may be present. People experiencing an upper urinary tract infection, or pyelonephritis, may experience flank pain, fever, or nausea and vomiting in addition to the classic symptoms of a lower urinary tract infection. Rarely, the urine may appear bloody or contain visible pus in the urine.
Medical Cause- As, I’m raising UTI as a relevant issue, there will be two main causes. I) Medical Cause, ii) Social Cause
Sex- In young sexually active women, sexual activity is the cause of 75–90% of bladder infections, with the risk of infection related to the frequency of sex. The term “honeymoon cystitis” has been applied to this phenomenon of frequent UTIs during early marriage. In postmenopausal women, sexual activity does not affect the risk of developing a UTI.
Women are more prone to UTIs than men because, in females, the urethra is much shorter and closer to the anus. As a woman’s estrogen levels decrease with menopause, her risk of urinary tract infections increases due to the loss of protective vaginal flora. Additionally, vaginal atrophy that can sometimes occur after menopause is associated with recurrent urinary tract infections.
Urinary catheters- Urinary catheterization increases the risk for urinary tract infections. The risk of bacteriuria (bacteria in the urine) is between three and six per cent per day and prophylactic antibiotics are not effective in decreasing symptomatic infections. The risk of an associated infection can be decreased by catheterizing only when necessary, using aseptic technique for insertion, and maintaining unobstructed closed drainage of the catheter.
A predisposition for bladder infections may run in families. Other risk factors include diabetes, being uncircumcised, and having a large prostate. In children, UTIs are associated with vesicoureteral reflux (an abnormal movement of urine from the bladder into ureters or kidneys) and constipation.
Persons with spinal cord injury are at increased risk for urinary tract infection in part because of chronic use of a catheter, and in part because of voiding dysfunction. It is the most common cause of infection in this population, as well as the most common cause of hospitalization. Additionally, use of cranberry juice or cranberry supplement appears to be ineffective in prevention and treatment in this population.
Inadequate sanitary and hygiene services- Poor sanitation is something that not only affects the health of the people of the country, but also affects the development of the nation. In India, majority of the girls drop out of school because of lack of toilets. And even if toilets are available, they are in a highly unhygienic condition which leads to UTI and other sanitation diseases.
And sanitation in Indian cities is a neglected issue. According to a report, Over 70% of the households in the analysed cities don’t have access to toilets or a sewerage system. Then UTI becomes so common where the inadequacy of clean toilets at public places prevails.
Ignorance of personal hygiene- we come across a lot of people facing the UTI problem because of lack of cleanliness in washrooms at public places. But nobody actually cares regarding doing something about it.
Public sanitation facilities like, paid public toilets, schools, hospitals( especially government hospitals), workplace, malls etc.
Not only we are ignoring sanitary hygiene at a social level, but also at a personal level preventive steps need to be taken for self-care.
Prevention- In a disease where prevention is cure, awareness is action.
Apart from giving wasteful justifications like, “ I’m never gonna come here again,why to take the headache” or “ My friends would ridicule me for caring about such petty things” or “ I pay tax to government for this job to maintain neatness” and blahh…blahh, we should actually take this seriously.
Do whatever you can, at least do for ensuring hygiene at public places.
Things we can do-
- Keep washrooms clean after using them.
- If toilets are unclean, ask a concerned person to ensure the cleanliness
- Don’t spread garbage over there
- Use a spray sanitizer over toilets before use which will keep germs away
- Flush toilets before use
- Use the sanitary tissue to keep dry your private parts after using the washroom and throw it to the dustbin
- Don’t spread water at floor, use wash basin instead to clean your hands
- Use liquid sanitizers to wipe your hands
- Use a PH balanced wash liquid gel to wash your private parts ( V-wash)
- Drink a lot of water.
- Change your underwear twice a day( especially women)
- Use an antibacterial talc in case you are facing irritation in your private parts.
If symptoms of UTI occur, consult your doctor immediately.
Pee Safe initiative- Pee safe is a daily hygiene brand with a range of toilet seat sanitizer, natural intimate wash, and wipes. They have collaborated with an NGO Water Aid India enabling toilet hygiene education across rural India, where Pee Safe is happily donating ₹10 against every order(buy) and ₹2 every picture clicked(join). By using Pee Safe sanitizer spray, I ensure my basic sanitary hygiene.2